Wouxun KG-UV2D & KG-UV3D Fix – Flash Repair

Wouxun Flash Issue Background

Wouxun’s seem to either wear the flash chip out or are made with a bad batch of parts. Eventually all of them I’ve owned prior and everyone I know throws it in the trash. Below is a video of how to do the repair and its an easy fix. Wouxun used a very low write count part but there are better options as a direct replacement. The replacement part is a 24C64 found just about everywhere for under $1.   Please repair these when possible and if you are unable or unwilling, hand it over to a new ham or send to an old one to be repaired.

I recommend using a hot air station but it is possible to carefully cut leads with cutters for parts replacement.  When using cutters be sure to not rip any traces from the board.  Go very slow and use a good tool.  An alternative method is to heat and lift one lead a time. Mouser and Digikey both have alternatives for this part by searching for the 24C64.  Right now links to these parts are as follows:

DigiKey Search Results

Mouser Search Results

Wouxun Repair Video

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GPSTM Nortel Trimble hack.

Background of the GPSTM Conversion

I have several Symmetricom time references all of which are large.  I really needed something compact for my newest bench area. I fumbled upon a Nortel card (GPSTM). It is basically a Trimble Thunderbolt. It has a few minor differences, utilizing the same software for configuration. It has a 10mhz output (SMB Connectors). I used a Symmetricom Distribution Amp to sync all my equipment on the bench (Signal Gen, HP 8935 Spectrum Analyzer, HP Frequency Counter). The only modification required is a 48V(24-48VDC) DC power supply. It is very straightforward to get one of these up and running as a repurposed GPSDO. It is small, compact, and won’t break the bank. I completed this project for well under $200.  A photo of the DC connection is below and a video as well.

Video

Power Supply Modification

Nortel GPSTM Hack DC connection.
Nortel GPSTM DC Connection point.
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ComboStar HomeBrew Since 2012…. What is next?

I built my first combostar/picastar back in 2012.  I’ve made several modifications over the past three years including adding a STM32 based embedded board to do FreeDV.  Many of the parts were difficult to get and even more so now.  I learned so much from its construction and the wealth of information from the homebrew group that I’d really like to see an update or maybe something entirely new.  The DSP used is very old in the design, the TFT controller parts are dated some aren’t made anymore.  Here is the short list of reasons to update or come up with a new design for a homebrew HF rig.

  • There are better parts for the GUI out.  Integrated graphics STM32F4 would be a great upgrade.  Maybe multiple screens and small OLEDs have come way down in price for adding addtional controls at low cost and ease of use.
  • The DSP could be replaced with a STM32 series ARM keeping it all on the same platform.
  • There are already improvements to the H Mode Mixer and maybe a direct conversion would possible now with some of the low cost TI frontends and low power/cost FPGA.
  • Codec2 is widely availible and there is no reason not to include not only this digital mode but a hardware platform that may run future digital modes.
  • Modularization of the GUI, RF sections etc.  I really like the idea of mounting the radio somewhere and the GUI/MIC elsewhere.  I would also like to see VHF/UHF modules that utilize all the work done on digital modes/GUI keeping the idea of a remote/even distributed GUI Head.

 

 

 

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SBHT – UPDATE

Well I have had a few of these on the air for a few weeks. Phase noise is an issue .  To be expected with the single chip transceiver.   It’s limited to about 3 watts output before spurs become an issue depending on frequency but I’ve been able to experiment with protocols.

 

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DRA818V + Minicircuits Low Pass Filter.

The DRA818V

I wanted something small and almost disposable for APRS tracking.  The DRA818V fits the bill but needs low pass filtering.   Some photos of the prototype boards and output floor while TX outside intended band.  The SMD filter works great, inexpensive, and makes for a nice package.  I used a Mini-Circuits LFCN-160+.  The DRA818V can be found on Ebay.  OshPark manufactured boards I designed in KiCad.

DRA818V Filter

Prototypes

FullSizeRender

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METCAL Models, Tips, n Tricks

If you are in the market for a soldering station you can’t really go wrong with MetCal.  The are dependable and easy to repair should something happen.  Instant heating, well placed heat, and an easy to use hand piece are just a few of the reasons to use an inductive RF soldering station.  New stations have come down in price and units from Thermaltronics are compatible.

Big issues are if you haven’t seen one or not generally “in the know”, finding used units that are usable can be difficult.  First, to have a working, station you will need 3 main components.  Below is a list of recommendations about how to get everything together.  I’m sticking with the high end industrial models and not the smaller units.

Power Supply / RF Unit

RFG-30 – These are the oldest MetCal in this series.  Good units.  No auto-shutoff. Has one LED Light

PS2e-1  – These are the next version with Auto-Shutoff.  Please note that these were produced in 220V and 110V. You want a -1 or -01 unit for 110V. Has 2 LED Lights.

MX-500 – These are one release behind current.  They offer two outputs but you can only use one at a time.

Hand Piece

Any MX-500 Hand piece will work. MX-RM3E

Newer Metcal MX-H1-AV

Thermaltronics – SHP-1

Stand

You will want either the MetCal Stand or the Thermaltronics.  They have magnets built it to keep tip cooler when not in use.  SHH-1

 

 

 

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OpenSource HT Part 1.

I’ve been looking at migrating some of the work I’ve done on my ComboStar build to VHF/UHF including GSMK and Codec2.  With 3D printed case, lithium battery, STM32F405, DRA818V/U, and a nice OLED screen I think its possible to build a DIY 1 Watt radio that support analog, FSK (APRS), and Codec2 GSMK.  I already have several working STM32 projects with successfully generating various modulations including GMSK, POCSAG and AFSK.  My first step is to play with the DRV818V module and see how difficult it is to implement.  From the datasheet I’ve included a low pass filter in this prototype which I should be able to prototype with my existing STM project board.

SBDHT

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